If air traffic controllers believed Flight 11 had been hijacked at 8:13, NORAD should have been informed immediately, so military planes could be scrambled to investigate. However, NORAD and the FAA both claimed NORAD was not informed until 8:40—27 minutes later. [ NORAD, 9/18/01 , AP, 8/12/02 , AP, 8/19/02 , Newsday, 9/10/02 ; one NORAD employee said it took place at 8:31, ABC News, 9/11/02 ] Indeed, before contacting NORAD, Boston air traffic controllers watched Flight 11 make an unexpected 100-degree turn and head south toward New York City [ Christian Science Monitor, 9/13/01 ], told other controllers of the hijacking at 8:25 [ Guardian, 10/17/01 ], continued to hear highly suspicious dialogue from the cockpit (such as, “Nobody move, please, we are going back to the airport. Don’t try to make any stupid moves” ) [ Guardian, 10/17/01 , New York Times, 10/16/01 ], and even asked the pilots of Flight 175 to scan the skies for the errant plane. [ Guardian, 10/17/01 , Boston Globe, 11/23/01 ]
The land looked as if it had been shaped and cleared in a great hurry””as indeed it had: the landscape largely denuded of trees, makeshift fences outlining badly plowed fields, tree stumps everywhere one looked. As Cobbett and many other 19th-century visitors noted, hardly anyone practiced ornamental gardening; the typical yard was “landscaped” in the style Southerners would come to call “white trash”””a few chickens, some busted farm equipment, mud and weeds, an unkempt patch of vegetables.