Sudance ghost dance essay

His followers fled and joined Kicking Bull, one of the first to Practice with Wovoka. Donning their ghost shirts and with their beliefs firm in their hearts, the followers of the ghost dance were rounded up at Wounded Knee creek and killed while resisting arrest. Hundreds of Sioux were killed, including women and children, all wearing their ghost shirts, that unfortunately, did not make them immune to the bullets of the military and Indian Agencies. The ghost dance continued to be practiced in more southern tribes, but at the end of the movement came with the deaths at Wounded Knee.

There were a few factors that contributed the sudden rise of fierceness in the Ghost Dancers in 1890. The congress stripped away Sioux land and passed it over to the white settlers, The Indians relied on much lower food rations for survival, and there was a serious agricultural drought in the summer of 1890. All of these factors contributed to the American's fear that the newly displaced Indians would make their reservations uncontrollable. The ghost dances began to grow in size as tensions and hardships grew. The army, Christian missionaries, the media, and the congress all opposed the growing of the Ghost dances, and saw it as a threat. A general, Nelson Miles, stated warned that the Ghost Dance would bring on a very serious Indian war. In late August of 1890, the first trouble between the ghost dancers and the United States occurred. Gallagher, an agent overlooking the Pine Ridge Reservation, learned that a dance camp of two thousand Indians was established nearby. He sent a detachment of police to disperse the dancers but they were not able to. Some Indians, according to Gallagher, were "stripped for fight, with Winchester rifles in hands and cartridge belts around their waists". By October of the same year, the Ghost Dances had spread to all of the major Lakota reservation. The Americans now viewed the dance as being very dangerous because the Indian got too excited and abandoned their daily routines. All established institutions, such as schools and churches, were not utilized and the advancement and assimilation of the Lakota civilization came to a stop. In November

The traditional shelter of the Blackfoot was a tipi that normally housed one family of about eight individuals. According to Ewers, the typical household was composed of two men, three women, and three children. About 19 pine poles, each averaging 18 feet in length, comprised the tipi's frame. Between six and 20 buffalo skins, often decorated with pictures of animals and geometric designs, covered the poles. Furnishings included buffalo robe beds and willow backrests. The tipi's design allowed for easy movement, a necessity given the traditionally nomadic nature of the Blackfoot-hunting lifestyle. After the buffalo's disappearance and the creation of reservations during the latter half of the nineteenth century, the log cabin replaced the tipi, becoming a symbol of the new sedentary lifestyle. Ranching and agriculture then became the primary means of survival.

Sudance ghost dance essay

sudance ghost dance essay

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