Marcus Felson (1998; 2002; Felson & Clarke, 1995) explored the policy implications of routine activities theory as based upon safety measures already used against crime in people's everyday life, such as locking doors and cars, avoiding dangerous places, or installing alarms. Any of the techniques classified earlier need to be wisely tailored to the situations in which they are put into effect, looking at the type of offenders it seeks to deter. Clarke noted the relevance of offenders testing the limits of the prevention techniques and sometimes being able to find weaknesses (Clarke, 1997:27).
This module introduces students to the study of terrorism and political violence, and engages with the primary debates in the field. The first half of the module addresses definitional, epistemological and methodological issues raised by the study of political violence. The module will also outline the history of modern political violence and the evolution of the way it has been defined and studied. In this context, the module will explore the nature and evolution of various forms of contemporary political violence, including: wars; ‘new wars'; insurgency and counterinsurgency; irregular warfare; guerrilla warfare; state and non-state terrorism; and counter-terrorism. Throughout, focus will be given to a range of mainstream and critical approaches to the field, ensuring that students become aware of the rich variety of perspectives which can be adopted in relation to the subject. In the second half of the module, time will be given to examining a range of human rights issues and debates which arise in relation to political violence and terrorism.
I studied Criminology and Sociology at the University of Salford. I found the course fascinating and it thoroughly engaged and inspired me to pursue a career within this field. I particularly enjoyed learning about the different circumstances people may have which influence them to commit crime; looking at high profile cases; and putting my knowledge into practise by looking at how guilt and innocence are constructed. This interest led on to a successful career in the criminal justice system. Due to the qualifications and experience I gained during my time at Salford University, I went on to do my teaching qualification in order to teach within the criminal justice sector. My degree gave me the preparation to get a job teaching in various prisons, which was challenging but highly rewarding. I now manage and run the education department within a bail hostel, devising the curriculum to motivate, engage and teach people who have been released from prison. I teach various subjects to enable my students to gain employment and to help them become rehabilitated. I thoroughly love my job, as every day is different and highly rewarding. All this became possible due to the excellent tutors I had at Salford University, which inspired me to pursue a career in a subject that I loved.