There is no specific treatment for obesity, but rather a combination of measures that are meant to meant to cut back on the conditions that are implicated in the cause of obesity. However, the two most major approaches are dieting and the engagement in an active exercising life. The reduction in caloric intake is meant to cut back on weight gain, whereas an exercise program is meant to cut back on any already gained weight. Dieting and exercise have been known to be effective in weight reduction, but their effect does not last as long as they are withdrawn. Thus weight maintenance requires a constant maintenance of development of a lasting habit that is developed over time and cultured into the life of an individual. As such there is no medical prescription for any obese cases. There may be drugs that may be recommended for the condition, but these are not as effective and they often lead to complication in the gastrointestinal system. The most effective cited treatment for the condition so far is bariatric surgery which is recommended for severe obesity cases. However, the high cost of this method makes it impossible for access to most people and thus making it less available to many.
It can be difficult for children and parents to make healthy food choices and get enough physical activity when they are exposed to environments that do not support healthy habits. Places such as child care centers, schools, or communities can affect diet and activity through the foods and drinks they offer and the opportunities for physical activity they provide. Other community factors that affect diet and physical activity include the affordability of healthy food options, peer and social supports, marketing and promotion, and policies that determine how a community is designed.